Taurine is amino sulfonic acid, a building block for protein. It is conditional in nature, meaning this amino acid is formed in the body, unlike essential amino acids that have to be supplemented through a diet. The highest concentration of taurine in the body is found in the retina of the eye, brain and heart. If for any reason, any individual cannot produce taurine, it is important to take supplements or feed on diets rich in taurine.
Taurine Supplements
However, the amount of taurine in vegetarian meal plans is not substantial, and it is crucial for vegans to take taurine supplements. Enough supplements of taurine promote longevity. The kidneys get rid of excess taurine in the body.
Most people know this compound from their favorite energy drink. These drinks contain stimulants that improve physical performance and increase mental alertness. Taurine has the same effect as the caffeine and sugar ingredients in energy drinks. As a naturally occurring compound in the body, it is essential for several processes such as;
The production of bile salts
Regulates body cells volume
Stabilization of cell membranes
It is responsible for adjusting calcium amounts in the cells.
It is an anti-inflammatory agent.
Regulates the health of the immune system
Create and maintain the electrolyte balance
Taurine has a lot of mental and physical benefits.
It is an antioxidant; it prevents cellular damage. As a result, chemical reactions in the body that involve oxygen. Cell degeneration occurs in an area where taurine has lost its effect. This will result in defects in the development of heart and muscle development.
Medically, taurine has proven significant in the treatment and management of both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. According to various scientific studies, taurine plays a part in increasing the sensitivity of the body towards insulin. Through several demonstrations, research highlights the role of taurine on incapacitating the risk factors for both diabetes types. Even though it has not been scientifically confirmed, taurine may be beneficial in diabetic nephropathy, a kidney disease associated with diabetes.
It has been observed that taurine is effective in treating epilepsy in dogs, cats, and rats- where the episodes occur either naturally or are medically induced. However, the antiepileptic activity of taurine in humans isn’t consistent. This means that it’s not strong enough for medical professionals to recommend it as a treatment option.
Taurine has proved beneficial in the treatment of congestive heart failure, through blood pressure regulation and its anti-inflammatory properties. Taurine combines bile acids with cholesterol to rid it from the body. This is vital in the prevention of coronary heart diseases. According to research people who consume diets rich in cholesterol had significantly fewer cholesterol levels than people who did not take taurine supplements within a study period of three weeks.
Angiotensin II in the kidney results in the increase of blood pressure. By blocking its signalling effect, taurine aids in blood pressure regulation.
Taurine is a better treatment for iron deficiency anaemia. Taking both iron and taurine supplements has better results in restoring the mark of iron sufficiency when compared to taking iron supplements.
For people suffering from cirrhosis, taurine has proved essential in reducing the pressure in the main blood vessel that leads to the liver- the portal vein. When patients with chronic hepatitis took dietary supplements of taurine daily for three months, and the dosage was higher than 500mg, there was a significant reduction in liver injury.
An individual with liver cirrhosis will have significantly low levels of taurine in the body. Daily supplementation increases the levels and also helps in the reduction of severe muscle cramps associated with this condition. In the long term, taurine prevents damage to the liver.
Dietary taurine also protects the liver from damages related to oxidized fats and heavy metal. In animals; taurine has demonstrated effectiveness in the prevention of fatty liver disease, especially the nonalcoholic type. It increases the production of the proteins involved in the breakdown of fats in the liver.
By decreasing oxidative stress and inflammation induced by alcohol, taurine is effective in the prevention of alcoholic fatty liver disease. Moreover, it aids liver cells in quicker recovery from alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Taurine is vital for the regular functioning of body muscles. For the senior citizens with heart failure conditions, 500mg of taurine supplements thrice a week improved performance in exercise. In a study involving mice, muscle utility is severely impaired if the mouse lacks taurine transporter. When supplemented with taurine, physical endurance improved significantly.
The retina is prone to damage from bright light and oxidants. A treatment combination of diltiazem, vitamin E, and taurine helped in preventing vision loss to these causes. Cataract formation is common in individuals who have low levels of taurine in the body. Taurine is necessary for the eye to function properly. Total depletion of taurine from the retina can cause irreversible vision loss.